Lagos  (Nigeria) is the largest city in Africa with an estimated population of over 17.5 million inhabitants in the city. Three major bridges join the island to the mainland. They are the Carter Bridge which start from Iddo Island, the Eko Bridge (formerly called the Second Mainland Bridge) and the Third Mainland Bridge which passes through densely populated mainland suburbs through Lagos lagoon. The Mainland holds a greater percentage of inhabitants and industries. Lagos Mainland districts include Ebute Meta, Surulere (site of two stadiums and National theater), Yaba (location of the University of Lagos) and Ikeja, site of Murtala Muhammed International Airport and capital of Lagos State. Greater Lagos includes Mushin, Maryland, Somolu, Oshodi, Oworonsoki, Isolo, Ikotun, Agege, Iju Ishaga, Egbeda, Ketu, Bariga, Ipaja, and Ejigbo. The Islands The two major urban islands of Lagos in Lagos Lagoon are Lagos Island and Victoria Island. These islands are separated from the mainland by the main channel draining the lagoon into the Atlantic ocean, which forms Lagos Harbour. The islands are separated from each other by creeks of varying sizes and are connected to Lagos Island by bridges. Lagos Island Lagos Island contains a Central Business District (CBD). This district is characterized by high rise buildings and businesses. The island also contains many of the city's largest wholesale marketplaces (such as the popular Idumota and Balogun markets). It also has the National Museum of Nigeria, a Central mosque, Glover Memorial Hall, Christ's Cathedral (CMS), and the Oba Palace. And lastly, there is the Tinubu Square a site of historical importance, it was here that the Amalgamation ceremony that unified the North and South protectorate to form Nigeria took place in 1914. Ikoyi is situated on the eastern half of Lagos Island and joined to it by a landfill. Ikoyi is also connected to Victoria Island by a bridge carrying a main road over a Five Cowrie creek. Ikoyi has a great number of hotels, night clubs, a recreational park and one of Africa's largest golf courses. Originally a middle class neighbourhood, in recent years it has become more of a fashionable residential enclave for the upper middle class to the upper class. Eko Atlantic city is a new city under construction. It is a planned district being constructed on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean. Dredgers, large ships which move sand, are all working around the clock filling the area with sand where the city will be built. Expected to be around 4 square miles, the city will satisfy needs for financial, commercial, residential and tourist accommodations with a state of the art high tech infrastructure in line with modern and environmental standards. These standards will offer the city's residents modern water, waste management, security and transportation systems. Eko Atlantic will also offer its residents an independent source of energy generated specifically for the city. Also known as k in the Yoruba language, and also affectionately called 'Gidi' or 'Las Gidi' as a form of slang by the younger generation, is a port and the most populous conurbation in Nigeria. Formerly the capital of Nigeria, Lagos is a huge metropolis which originated on islands separated by creeks. The city is the economic and financial capital of Nigeria. Portuguese explorer Rui de Sequeira visited the area in 1472, naming the area around the city Lago de Curamo; indeed the present name is Portuguese for "lakes". Another explanation is that Lagos was named for Lagos, Portugal a maritime town which at the time was the main centre of the Portuguese expeditions down the African coast and whose own name is derived from the Latin word Lacobriga. From 1404 1889 it served as a major centre of the slave trade, ruled over by Yoruba kings called the Oba of Lagos. Lagos was the capital of Nigeria from 1914 up to 1991. The city was stripped of its status when the Federal Capital Territory was established at the purpose built city of Abuja. The city of Lagos lies in south western Nigeria, on the Atlantic coast in the Gulf of Guinea, west of the Niger River delta, located on longitude 3 24' E and latitude 6 27' N. Most of the population live on the mainland, and most industries are located there too. Lagos is known for its music and night life which used to be located in areas around Yaba and Surulere but in recent years more night clubs have sprung on the island making the island especially Victoria Island, the main nightlife attraction. Get inYou can fly in from most European cities (London, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, Madrid, Rome); from Doha, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, South Africa, Ethiopia, and Kenya. There are also direct flights from the United States (Atlanta, Houston, New York). When departing via the International Airport in Lagos, arrive early, especially close to weekends and festive days, as the security has been beefed up significantly (with little increase in manpower or scanners and is much, much more time consuming than previously) since the December 2009 liquid explosive incident where the terrorist started his journey from Lagos airport. Note that the domestic and international terminals at the Lagos airport are located several miles apart. Transferring between the two is difficult and time consuming. There are quite a number of pay access and Priority Pass lounges after passport control (after two hours in the security queue, you will want to use it if you have the time and $50 to spare). Use Oasis or Skye Lounge, both of which are good, especially Oasis which is very nice even by 1st world standards. Gabfol lounge is free, but you pay for food and drinks. If traveling around Lagos, be sure to be accompanied by a guide who is familiar with the routes. Moving around Lagos has become much easier in recent times with street signs on every single street corner making it easier to locate places and landmarks. With the city spending huge budgets on security, there has been a huge reduction in crime generally. For the most part, it's safe to move about during the day. If you are going out at night, be sure to go in groups, and stick to known routes. Air Jordan 7 French Blue 2015 ,Air Jordan 14 Black Toe 2014 Air Jordan 14 Sport Blue Air Jordan 11 Low Infrared 23 Air Jordan 13 Black Infrared Air Jordan 6 Varsity Red Air Jordan 14 Sport Blue Air Jordan 11 Legend Blue Air Jordan 14 Black Toe 2014 Air Jordan Spizike Space Blue NTU had finished on 130 for 6 wickets after 20 overs but play was ended with UoN on 69 2 after 10 overs. Subsequently, UoN secured victory with a higher run rate of 6.9, a figure calculated as a result of the rain stoppages. UoN won the toss, electing to bowl due to the overcast conditions and a green wicket. Losing the toss proved costly for NTU after the opening partnership of Calum Rowe and Tom West was ended prematurely. West picked out the man at the backwards point perfectly and NTU were 6 for 1. Michael Jepps was next in to bat looking confident as he and Rowe asserted themselves with some aggressive shots. With four overs played, UoN attempted to change the tempo of the game, switching to a right arm off spin. Rowe nearly gave UoN a half chance of a catch with a wild slash off a wide ball. Jepps showed Rowe how it was done the following ball, punishing a similar delivery for a boundary. NTU moved onto 34 for 1 after five overs. UoN brought on another right arm spinner at the car park end in a bid to halt NTU's improving scoring rate but Rowe smashed another loose ball onto the car park for six. Lady Luck continued to be on Rowe's side as mid on fumbled another half chance at a catch. Jepps' impressive form saw him scoring four with an unorthodox reverse sweep and another boundary after a full toss from the bowler. It was third time unlucky for Rowe, out for 28 after short mid on caught him to leave NTU 63 2, ending an excellent partnership of 57. Dave Lamb, notorious for his aggressive play was next to partner Rowe. However when he went for six, he got caught at long on in the twelfth over. With the dismissal of Rowe and Lamb the NTU run rate dried up. UoN were restricting NTU well and when danger man Jepps was given out LBW for 31, NTU suddenly found themselves on 74 4. Will Lockwood and Chris Kenny were in bat and after 15 overs, were finding it difficult to put away the bad ball. Kenny eventually found some space, dancing down the track, hitting a straight six to relieve some pressure. With four overs left, a par score of 130 was looking more achievable and pressure looked to have reached the UoN outfield. In the same over UoN gave away five wide balls and dropped a difficult one off Kenny. Lockwood got bowled trying to accelerate the rate and play was stopped due to rain in the seventeenth over leaving NTU on 100 5. Play resumed with 2.4 overs remaining. Good running between Sam Hudson and Kenny boosted the NTU score but with Kenny looking to push the score past 120 he was run out. With one ball left, NTU had another free hit and Liam Newton and Hudson gained a well run two, to leave UoN a score of 131 to win. UoN knew they would have to bat well to achieve the 131 runs set by NTU. However, it was NTU who got off to the dream start. UoN's opening batsman got caught behind off the first ball of the second over from Jaspreet Dhingra putting UoNin the lead, 3 1. In the third over, a UoN batsman went for another short and wide off Jepps and got caught at point by Tom West. NTU were looking in good shape with UoN 14 2 after 3 overs. With the rain once again teeming down, the umpires allowed the game to continue and UoN's Reid took full advantage of the slippery surface with some glorious strokes. With five overs played NTU opted for a left arm spinner in Bhasker Patel to try and keep the run rate down but UoN continued to hit boundaries from edges behind. After nine overs UoN's Reid and Pringle had kept the scoreboard ticking over and racked up 58 2. Patel had a shout for LBW but the umpire ruled in favour of the batsman and the momentum stayed with UoN as Patel followed with 5 wides. With the rain getting considerably worse and no signs of the weather changing, the umpires had no option but to bring an end to proceedings and UoN ran out winners with a run rate of 6.9. It almost seemed appropriate that rain should play such a pivotal role during this match. Out of 20 league fixtures the four NTU cricket teams were only able to play six of them because of the downpours they experienced. There has been a wonderful showcase of talent shown at university level throughout the past few months and another great match up brought the curtain down on a superb Varsity series as UoN secured the honours for the first time in three years. Now it's up to NTU to win it back in 2013 Bring it on! Air Jordan 7 French Blue 2015,This news release is available in German. All over the world, bees are dying and insect diversity is dwindling. Only recently, both the media and scientists expressed fears that insect pollination is in decline, which jeopardises food security. The (lack of) pollination has thus become a sound argument for the protection of species and natural habitats, and organic farming. ETH Zurich researchers from the group headed by Jaboury Ghazoul, professor of ecosystem management, set about investigating this argument by studying the influence of pollinator insects on coffee harvests in an agroforestry system at coffee plantations in the province of Kodagu in southern India. They also included soil and forest management, environmental factors such as water and soil fertility, and tree cover for the cultures in their study. The research group thus obtained a different picture of the role of pollinators to the popular perception of this cultivation system of "no bees, no harvest". According to their findings, pollinator bees are merely one production factor among many and to some extent coffee farmers can increase the productivity of their plantations independently of the insects. The results of the study have just been published in the journal PNAS. Important but not the only factor "Pollinators are important for coffee farmers," stresses Ghazoul; "as far as effective coffee growing and increasing harvests are concerned, however, they are much less important than irrigation or liming, for instance." This encapsulates one of the central findings from coffee farming in the Kodagu province. Coffee is grown in a traditional agroforestry system in the region. As coffee plants must not be grown in direct sunlight, they are planted in the forest's undergrowth or the shade of large, isolated trees. The coffee plants all bloom at the same time after heavy rains between February and March and three species of bee pollinate the flowers: the giant honeybee Apis dorsata, Apis cerana and the solitary wild bee Tetragonula iridipennis. The giant honeybee is the largest and most important pollinator, forming large colonies and needing the thick branches of tall trees to bear the weight of their nest. Greater yield through irrigation and limestone In order to harvest more coffee, however, the farmers have got other options than merely banking on the work of bees, as Ghazoul discovered. They can increase the yield through liming, irrespective of bee density. And instead of relying on rainfall, it is worth the farmers' while to induce flowering with artificial irrigation. "It is particularly in a farmer's interests to irrigate his plantations at a different time to other farmers in the vicinity," says Ghazoul. After all, this will turn his plantations into bee magnets. This concentrated pollination increases the yield from the plantation enormously, the ETH Zurich researchers reveal in their publication. In doing so, however, he destroys the habitat of the giant honeybee (Apis dorsata). A farmer who combines both courses of action is especially successful, initially unaffected by the disappearance of the large bees on his own plantation. Only when all farmers opt for this course of action do things take a turn for the worse. "From a plantation perspective, it makes sense to remove trees and increase yields," says the ETH Zurich professor. "But if every farmer goes for the same option, they will all suffer the consequences of poor pollination because the giant honeybee will disappear." Sure enough, the researchers observed gradual deforestation in the Kodagu experiment area. Ghazoul is convinced that the farmers will lose Apis dorsata in the long run and thus unless they take countermeasures their valuable contribution towards coffee pollination. "It remains unclear whether the other two species of bee could compensate for this loss." However, the farmers' predicament is not hopeless, he says. They could domesticate Apis cerana, a very close relative of the European honeybee, and place beehives on the plantations, which would guarantee the pollination service without becoming dependent on Apis dorsata. The drawback: this absolves the farmers from their responsibility for the forest and trees. "The farmers are thus free to decide whether they want to have trees on their land or not," stresses the ecologist, which spells bad news for nature conservation. "But good news for farmers. They have got possibilities to increase their harvest and sustain or even improve their existence." Unexpected threat from exotic tree species The traditional forest trees face another danger. Farmers often replace felled local trees with the exotic Australian silver oak (Grevillea robusta), which provides the coffee plants with the shade they need. Moreover, it grows quickly and has a straight trunk, which farmers can use to grow pepper as the spice can be harvested more easily on the trunks. The sale of pepper and wood from the silver oaks is a way for the farmers to supplement their income. However, the farmers are increasingly beginning to realise that the exotic tree also has its drawbacks. For one, its leaves barely decompose, covering the ground and coffee plants and thus becoming a breeding ground for harmful fungi and bacteria. It might also influence the nutrient cycle, which one of Ghazoul's doctoral students is currently looking into. The silver oak leaves probably slows the nutrient cycle, preventing the coffee plants from receiving enough nitrogen in the long run, which eventually affects the harvest. The example case of coffee growing in the province of Kodagu is interesting from a research perspective as it brings home how bees, farmers, their farming methods and natural occurrences influence and depend on each other. In this respect, the insects are not the sole influential factor in this agricultural system. Ten principles for the reconciliation of nature and humankind Teaming up with other scientists, ETH Zurich professor Jaboury Ghazoul has defined ten principles that should help reconcile the conflicting interests of agriculture, nature conservation and other stakeholders with regard to a sustainable agricultural land use. The principles, which were published in the journal PNAS, include training farmers in cultivation methods that can be adapted to changing conditions. Another principle advocates taking different levels into consideration for a landscape approach, namely the landscape level itself and the individual farm level. In the example case in India, another principle is significant: the clarification of rights and responsibilities. For instance, the cultivated land belongs to the local farmers but not the trees, which belong to the state. This can cause conflicts. The principles should help to use an approach geared towards the landscape.
Here Your Best Choice To Buy Air Jordan 7 French Blue 2015,Air Jordan 10 Cool Grey Most people consider dragonflies to be nothing more than happy indicators of summer. A dragonfly flitting by is visual shorthand for "beautiful summer day," but perhaps it should be shorthand for "Watch out: xenomorphic monsters crossing."Adult dragonflies are the Harrier jets of the insect world they can fly at speeds of over 30 mph, hover, and even fly backward. Those massive eyes allow them to spot prey from over 100 yards away, and they're voracious eaters. But that's nothing compared to the dragonfly larva, which feeds by firing out its lower jaw like the monster from Aliens. Covered with spikes and spines too freaky to call "teeth," a dragonfly larva can extend its labium so quickly that it acts like a projectile weapon, stunning if not outright killing prospective prey.It's such an effective hunting technique that dragonfly larvae can even catch minnows, some as large as themselves. But this is definitely a case of words and even still images utterly failing at their given task. You truly have to see that weird little insect fire its bladed chin gun at a passing fish in real time to understand that, if there's a God watching over this world, he's a huge horror nerd."Y'know what the world could use? More nightmares."2. Dana Octopus Squids Use Flashbang GrenadesA few of the many fanged nightmares that lurk in the briny deep use bioluminescence to lure prey close, like that creepy fang fish from Finding Nemo. Others use bioluminescence to signal mates, or even to ward off rivals. But nothing uses it like the Dana octopus squid: It's a predatory flasher."Call it what you want. I know I look good."No, these squids have not evolved to run up to bus stops with their balls hanging out of their chinos Japanese researchers filmed these gigantic invertebrates using their bioluminescence like a flashbang grenade. The man sized squids will dash up to prey, splay their tentacles, and then set off a dizzying disco strobe light routine.Royal Society via National GeographicIf you're looking to have some fun in the ocean, this is the guy to ask.This sudden photonic onslaught, unleashed in the perpetual gloom and shadows of the tenebrous sea, stuns fish long enough for the tentacles to close, and boom: You've got yourself a squid effectively using urban warfare tactics. Sleep tight!1. Humpback Whales Fish With NetsHumpbacks are a favorite of ocean lovers everywhere. Compared to the vicious looking sperm whales (is it just us, or was someone a confusing kind of horny on "Whale Naming Day"?), big ol' clumsy humpbacks are like your jolly, dumb cousin, all dancing stupidly for your amusement at family barbecues. But much like that time you caught Cousin Jethro hacking into the Pentagon, you are seriously underestimating these blubbery beasts. See, humpback whales have been known to use one of the most convoluted and ingenious hunting methods on the planet: the bubble net.Otherwise known as the ringworm of the sea.While they're largely solitary, humpback whales do hunt in groups. When they find a school of tasty fish, the group breaks formation and encircles the prey in a deadly ring of humps. As one, the whales suddenly breathe out, and the ensuing bubbles are so thick and numerous that they form a net of force that the fish cannot swim through. Thus trapped in the bubble ring, the fish are then driven to the surface by a group of "shepherd" whales that swim up from below. Still other whales will scream at the scrambling fish. Yeah, all that beautiful, mournful singing? Turns out it's not all about communication or mating. Some of that caterwauling is straight up banshee style sonic warfare: The noise disorients and even stuns fish, driving them further into the trap. Finally, when all the fish have been corralled, herded, and shrieked into a stupor, the entire group of humpbacks will bull rush the school from below, swallowing thousands of fish in a single gulp.Leave some for the rest of us, mooches.Researchers don't think this is recently learned behavior either, which means that humpback whales were probably fishing with nets long before human beings ever thought of it.So yeah, maybe it's time to rethink that whole "whaling" thing. Not for any ethical reason it just might not be a great idea to piss off the 40 ton, sonic warfare wielding master tacticians of the ocean, y'know? Air Jordan 7 French Blue 2015 While those three comments are humorous, it really is no laughing matter to be in a situation where you feel that way towards someone else. Being stuck in a lousy work environment can have several detrimental effects. It can lead to a variety of stress related physical ailments, depression, anxiety, and work burn out. These are all things that dampen a company's productivity and bottom line. There are several things workers can do to alleviate work stress: Reset your limits, spend your breaks differently, take vacations, or exercise. However, a lot depends on the type of management in place. One day as I was doing some business research online, I came across "Everything I ever needed to know I learned in kindergarten" written by Robert Fulghum. It's a fundamental yet comprehensive list that really encompasses the important things. It relates to more than just kindergarten. I've read this list before (as I'm sure most of you have) and thought how appropriate it was for life. I found it to be a very insightful bit of wisdom. Then when I thought more about it, I realized that it could easily be applied to basic management principles. For me, these points were applicable to so many things. So I decided to come up with the list you have in front of you: The Commandments of Good Management: 1: Don't take things that aren't yours. If your subordinate has a great idea, promote it; don't steal it! You'll be praised for fostering bright and motivated workers. You stealing someone else's ideas does show in some twisted way that you value that person and their ideas, but you need to give credit where it's due. Stealing anything from others is wrong, but stealing ideas may put you at a bigger disadvantage in the future with your employees. In doing this, you will automatically lose their respect. Additionally, they'll probably be less likely to go out of their way to help you. 2: Warm cookies and cold milk are good for you. So is respect and positive reinforcement. Show respect where due and give positive reinforcement to foster a healthy team environment. People will thank you for it later. Developing good listening and communications skills will help earn you the respect from your subordinates as well as your coworkers. It shows them respect. Be sure that your words and deeds contribute to a healthy corporate culture. 3: Live a balanced life learn some and think some and draw and paint and sing and dance and play and work every day some. There's more to life than work. Don't expect your staff to be at the office till all hours every day. They deserve down time. Burnt out employees bring down productivity. Do your best to motivate your employees. You'll be glad you did; they'll be eager to take on more responsibility and their enthusiasm will spread to others. Conversely, negativity will lead to high turnover and a general environment with diminished productivity. This is what hurts business; managers need to be aware of it. Good managers possess the following skills: They understand people, they set reasonable boundaries, and are excellent communicators. They also allow others a certain amount of freedom to do their work and be creative. Something that's important to remember is that good managers know that they don't manage people, they manage work. We cannot control others, just the situation. We can only control ourselves and our actions. That's not an opinion; that's a fact. Get used to it. Share everything. Don't keep your people in the dark. The more they know, the more they can contribute (Psssst! It's not about you. Even though you believe it is, it's not. Learn to trust a little.) If you hired them, you should be able to trust them. C'mon, we're all adults here. Play fair. Don't allocate a ridiculous amount of work and then derail them or set them up for failure. Although so many managers do this, either unwittingly or on purpose, it serves no purpose other than create friction. At the end of the day, do you really want to deal with those problems? Additionally, don't ask your subordinates to do that which you yourself are not willing to do. That's a big pet peeve of mine. Nothing well, almost nothing makes a manager look more slimy than when they refuse to learn the jobs of their subordinates before moving up. You should know what their job is, know how to do it, and help out when they really need it. Don't hit people. Can you say lawsuit??? Put things back where you found them. Or better yet, when talking about things like confidence and self esteem, don't take those at all! Do what you can to build these things in the people that report to you; they'll respect you for it! Of course, it's possible that you don't care about their respect. You might only care about what those from up top think, right? Well here's news for you: the pee on of today could be tomorrow's vice president at the company. Don't you want that to be a favorable relationship? Clean up your own mess. Don't expect others to correct your mistakes or take the heat for it; act your age and take responsibility. I mean, I've heard you preach volumes on things like accountability. Do you even know what that means? You get upset when someone makes a mistake but I have yet to hear you say, "Hmmm, was there a breakdown in communication on my part that might have lead to this?" You want to talk about accountability, let's start from the top. Everyone should be accountable. Say you're sorry when you hurt somebody. If you're wrong, admit it. Trying to cover up mistakes only leads to lying and looking like a big jerk. Don't let anyone else take the fall for it. Think of the Golden Rule: Treat others the way you want to be treated. Of course, if you're "The Boss", you think you're untouchable. Granted, you answer to someone else and not to your support staff, but think about how you would want your boss to treat you if they're not already treating you like that. Wash your hands before you eat. This is basic hygiene, folks. If you're sick then take a sick day no one wants your germs! Don't be a martyr. I can't tell you how many times I've seen this. Sick days are for staying home and resting. Of course, they could be for other things like running errands and going shoe shopping, but really, their primary purpose is to allow you rest when you truly need it. Use them. How many times have you seen, during the wintertime especially, an epidemic of flues and colds? Bad enough you give your staff grief on a daily basis, don't give them your sick germs too. Flush. See "Clean up your own mess". Take a nap every afternoon. If you can't allow an afternoon siesta, at least be sure that your people have the opportunity to walk away for lunch. They should not be expected to work through it. There comes a time when you just need to step away in order to gain a fresh perspective. Enforce this. We get it, deadlines come up and need to be met. It's crucial to conducting business. But keep a keen eye on your staff to ensure that no burnout occurs as a result of it. Stressed out employees are ripe for conflict. This is easily avoidable if you just allow them the time to walk away every so often. When you go out in the world, watch out for traffic, hold hands and stick together. Don't throw your employees under the bus. Do for them and they'll do for you. At least give them the benefit of the doubt. It is generally expected that subordinates will be protected by their supervisors. Good, bad or indifferent part of the "team" mentality is that someone has your back. This is the way it ought to be but just so rarely is. Be aware of wonder. Remember the little seed in the Styrofoam cup: the roots go down and the plant goes up and nobody really knows how or why, but we are all like that. Your people are only as good as you train them. Spend the time to mentor your staff and guide them along on their career. When they're superstars, they'll have you to thank. Unless they're too good for their benefit and pose a threat to you. Or at least in your mind they pose a threat. In which case you can bully them until they're either on the verge of a nervous breakdown or they quit because they can't take any more of you. Either way works for you because if they do stay they'll be so badly beaten that you'll have knocked their ingenuity right out of them. Goldfish and hamsters and white mice and even the little seed in the Styrofoam cup they all die. So do we. Like money, you can't take your knowledge and experience to the grave, so share it! Then again, if you have no knowledge in the first place it explains why you never share any. Can't pass along what ain't there, right? Certainly. And then remember the Dick and Jane books and the first word you learned the biggest word of all LOOK. Appreciate and support the people that work for you. If they know you're there for them and see what you do for them, you will gain immeasurable results from them.
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